Titre

VR-based Operating Modes and Metaphors for Collaborative Ergonomic Design of Industrial Workstations

Auteur(s)

NGUYEN Thi Thuong Huyen5, PONTONNIER Charles3,4,6, HILT Simon4, DUVAL Thierry1,2, DUMONT Georges3,4

Type de document

Article de revue avec comité de lecture

Source

Journal on multimodal user interfaces, november 2016, vol. 11, n° 1, pp. 97-111

Année

2016

Résumé

The aim of this paper is to evaluate two new operating design modes and their collaborative metaphors enabling two actors, a design engineer and an end-user, to work jointly in a collabora-tive virtual environment for workstation design. The two operating design modes that correspond to two different design paradigms include : direct design mode (the design engineer manipulates objects while the end-user specifies their activity constraints) and supervised design mode (the end-user manipulates objects while the design engineer specifies their process constraints). The corresponding collaborative metaphors enable the two actors to manipulate objects while one (the design engineer) can express process constraints and the other (the end-user) can express activity constraints. The usability evaluation of the modes and metaphors consisted in placing a workstation design element on a digital workstation mock-up where a trade-off was to be found between process constraints and activity constraints. The results show that if we consider the completion time as the most important criterion to achieve, the direct design mode must be favoured. Otherwise , if the activity constraints are predominant, the supervised design mode must be favoured. In any case, the addition of an ergonomist's point of view is supported and warranted in order to enhance the effectiveness of the system.

Labos

1 : LUSSI(TB) - Dépt. Logique des Usages, Sciences Sociales et de l'Information (Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Bretagne-UBL)
2 : Lab-STICC(TB) - Laboratoire en sciences et technologies de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance (UMR CNRS 6285 - Télécom Bretagne - Université de Bretagne Occidentale - Université de Bretagne Sud - ENSTA Bretagne - Ecole Nationale d'ingénieurs de Brest)
3 : IRISA(TB) - Institut de recherche en informatique et systèmes aléatoires (UMR CNRS 6074 - Université de Rennes 1 - INRIA - INSA de Rennes - ENS de Cachan - Télécom Bretagne - Université de Bretagne Sud)
4 : ENS Rennes - Ecole normale supérieure de Rennes (Ministère de l' enseignement supérieur et de la recherche)
5 : CSIRO - Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (.)
6 : ESCC - Écoles de Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan [Guer] (.)

Mots clés

Virtual Reality, Collaborative Virtual Environments, Ergonomic Design

Référence

17270

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